Read e-book online A Neolithic Ceremonial Complex in Galloway: Excavations at PDF

By Julian Thomas

A complicated enclosure pointed out through aerial images at Dunragit Galloway, used to be confirmed by way of excavation to were of past due Neolithic date, and comprised 3 concentric bushes ramped post-rings, 120–300 m in diameter. the 2 outer post-rings each one comprised huge uprights interspersed with smaller participants, most likely forming a continuing palisade. each one used to be a single-phase constitution and the posts had rotted out. the internal ring had mostly been made of huge, freestanding posts, such a lot of which had rotted away, yet a few of which were intentionally got rid of, the post-holes being significantly greater than these of the 2 outer jewelry. the place posts have been pulled out, a few complicated deposits were positioned within the crater left by means of the post-removal. The entrances to the post-rings should not aligned and the popular interpretation is that the monument as a complete had stages of development, in every one of which a trees circle used to be surrounded by way of a palisade, and within which the center post-ring succeeded the outer, or vice-versa.

The enclosure were preceded by way of a post-defined cursus monument during which all of the submit were burned in situ and various different post-holes have been situated at the related axis because the cursus, extending past the monument itself.

The so much complicated front, hooked up with the center post-ring, consists of 2 parallel traces of positive factors, most likely post-holes, establishing towards the south, and aligned on a wide earthen mound at Droughduil, four hundred m away. Droughduil Mote, although recorded as a medieval motte, recollects the organization of varied very huge mounds with with henges or palisaded enclosures, as at Silbury Hill, Wiltshire. Excavation proven that it have been built with stepped aspects, and stone cairn have been built on its summit. a chain of optically influenced luminescence dates at the accrued sand over the skin of the mound validated that it used to be on no account medieval, and used to be most likely Neolithic in date.

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A Neolithic Ceremonial Complex in Galloway: Excavations at Dunragit and Droughduil, 1999–2002 by Julian Thomas

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